Dating stanley wood planes, related posts

The plane is japanned with its exterior machined. Frog receiver has two shallow grooves, parallel to the plane's sides, cast into it. The iron rests upon two vertical and triangular almost fin-like in appearance projections of the main casting.

Original screws have a flat head, often with vertical in relation to the shaft knurling. It's a nice looking plane, albeit very fragile - the aforementioned breakage to the lever cap is most common, followed by cracks in the cheeks and about the mouth. This plane is also a piece of junk when compared to the other low angle block planes, but some might find it useful to strip paint. Still, examples in good condition are somewhat scarce, which makes some Stanley collectors foam at the mouth. Earliest models of this type do not have Bailey's name, nor Boston, on the brass adjusting nut.

Castings are lighter, like those of the pre-war years. Handle and knob are hardwood stained red or painted black. This plane was in very bad shape when I received it. The lateral adjustment lever makes its debut. This is the first in a series interrupted though it is of cheaper bench planes, which were aimed at manual training and home handymen.

Block Plane Dating

Earlier block planes had the tensioning lever on the bottom of the rear of the cap, whereas later planes had the lever on the top center. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! However, for this adjustment to be beneficial, it needs to engage the back of the cutter when the cutter is in either position. Not unusual to see multiple dates on the various parts of planes.

The head has some tool box rash. There is no adjustable mouth on this plane. Some examples have no frog adjusting screw. This area of the plane needs very close inspection.

There is as sliver missing from the rosewood on the right side. The lowermost part of the adjusting mechanism is grooved to receive the tab that's secured to the cap iron. There are some late production wood bottom planes that have the Hand-y grip feature, similar to that found on the common metal block planes, milled into their wooden bodies. The lateral adjustment lever is no longer a two-piece construction, but now is one piece with the thumb grip bent over.

  1. Furthermore, some guys preferred the feel of wood against wood, like that afforded by the old style wooden bench planes.
  2. Notify me of new posts via email.
  3. It would rate fine but for a chip in the stem where it was dropped a long time ago.
  4. It has the typical rosewood knob and tote like those found on the Bailey bench planes, and it is gripped and pushed just like the bench planes are.
Plane Dating Flowchart

Stanley Wood Planes

You can use a small piece of a finish nail as a pin part to be peened. The right side of the plane has a removable plate, and is secured in place by two slotted screws. There is a scarce later variant of this plane, where it has the full Bailey patented features as well as a highly decorative nickel plated front knob. Then on the front I think it is called eccentric adjustment. If the plane is priced in the collector's budget, read boundaries in dating the excited collector takes his special find home to research it and identify the antique tool's rarity and value.

Dating Stanley

The rivet to hold the lever cap spring is not machined flat on the surface. The earliest model has a bead at the bottom of its front knob. As is further pointed out by Leach and others, type studies are merely a reference, not absolute nor exact. Frog forward, sims the mouth fully closed.

This mechanism is held captive in the raised projection mentioned in the description. The nickel is thinning on the lever cap. The lever cap has a stippled surface cast into it and is japanned on its top.

Bailey Type Study

Check that the cap iron is original. The first model of the plane has a star cast into the lever cap, and the side rails of its main casting are more arched over their lengths. There should, however, be four patent dates on the top of the lateral adjustment lever.

This page is the best resource I know for dating them. Rather than try to create a formal type study, I decided to focus more on the practical goal of simply establishing criteria for dating the planes within the narrowest possible time frame. Stanley recognized this problem, and provided the later planes with a set screw that tightens the knob after the sole has been set. This all is likely explained by the fact that Stanley was using stock on-hand, where parts made prior to the war were simply being used.

Do you see a raised ring surrounding the knob receiver screw hole

Stanley Bench Planes Mini-Site Navigation


These planes may have been a custom order or were purposely made for display at an exhibition of some sort. The trammels are untouched with a pleasing patina. Unfortunately the lateral lever is missing form mine. The nickel plating has some light freckling and there is some light staining on the blade, which is why I added the minus. The plane is japanned over the entire main casting, except for the sole.

What year would that put it? The blade has a light patina. This knob has a four-lobed decoration cast into it, and was often used on the planes that Stanley made under contract for hardware firms such as Keen Kutter. For many of these collectors coming across an antique wood plane during one of their treasure hunts is exhilarating.

Identifying Antique Wood Planes

The wooden planes do not have either of these supplemental measures for securing the tote. Tool identification manuals do not include the current retail value of items. The lever cap have a rather coarsely machined surface. The bottom of the screw engages the adjustment mechanism, whereas the top is fastened with a nut. No patent date is found on the lateral lever.

Related Posts

  • There are two rods that span the sides of the plane, which engage the typical lever cap with the large wheel underneath.
  • The first and second model, pictured here, of the plane are vary scarce and collectible.
  • For a user, it is a great example.
  • Other antique tool price guides have generalized sections on woodworking tools or a specific section on wood planes.
  • The head has a flat on one side to be flush against the wall.
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It has a full original patent date iron and the bed has just the two patents. Hey, if Stanley can make a fractional metallic bench plane, they surely could do the same with the wood bottom. The tool is painted red and the red has some light wear and the initials F J scratched in.

Since the tool has its own cheaper mechanism for adjusting the set, it also has its own cap iron, which isn't slotted like it is for the Bailey patent planes. The box also has a couple of labels that imply it was military owned. On the casting just under the blade and rear of the screw left of center is a C. Between these two projections is housed the linkages that permit the iron to be adjusted. Hardwood handles painted black.

Block Plane Dating

They are rugged guys that served their owners well. Between the projections and running to the heel of the plane is a hump on the rivetted piece. The rib the one the frog rides over is enlarged and arched. Brass adjusting nuts are re-introduced, and have diagonal knurling on them. There is a split in the hande at the front of the base, guy that is tight and is not an issue.

The high knobs were very prone to this, prior to the introduction of the raised ring, due to the greater leverage capable of being placed on them than could be placed on the low knobs. The important part, the body, is about as good as I have seen. Although the retail price is no longer current, all of the rest of the information remains the same.

Stanley addressed this problem with their patent which called for brass bushings to be screwed and pinned into the wood, and to use flat-head machine screws to secure the frog to the bushings. Rosewood knob is shaped like a hot air balloon, and has a distinct bead turned into its base. Rosewood is used for the tote and knob, and the tote on this plane is unique in that it has a concave bottom to fit over the aforementioned hump. Many times you'll find these planes with a replacement cutter and a conventional cap iron where the bevel is oriented downward. Later planes have the typical Bailey style adjustments.

The first model of the plane is the rarest of all types, and has a distinct boat-shape to it. The box lists a slew of uses, dating spreadsheet goes but opening boxes is actually not on the list. The nickel on this plane shines like new and I could find no evidence of any nickel loss. The front knob and adjustment wheel are all steel.

Stanley Planes Model Reference Number

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